The peaceful transfer of power has long been viewed as the hallmark of a stable and mature government. This is especially true in instances where the outgoing leader departs willingly, thoughtfully, and with dignity.
The Arab Spring uprisings that began in 2011 have produced significant - although not fundamental - change in the Middle East. Citizens in the region will likely continue to demand more accountability and transparency from their governments, but the longstanding ethnic, religious, sectarian, and familial divisions continue to hinder transformation to Western-style participatory democracy. Over time, however, the forces of secular democracy will gain substantial strength...
Leonardo da Vinci once wrote, "simplicity is the ultimate sophistication." If this is true - and who are we to argue with the observations of a man who led the great resurgence in thought that we refer to as The Renaissance - then geopolitics is decidedly unsophisticated! Many analysts (and we include ourselves within this group) have found an understanding of complexity as key to better grasping the myriad factors that shape decisions, actions, and events.
Often over-reliant on their information technology (IT) staffs, many executives fail to fully appreciate the potential consequences that a cyber disruption could have on their organization's ability to perform essential functions. Instead, when faced with a crisis, some leaders may be forced to unnecessarily abdicate dynamic and time-sensitive operations because they must subordinate themselves to the plans of an IT technician disinclined to share either the leader's timeline or sense of urgency.
The threat of terrorist attacks by al Qaeda-affiliated or inspired "homegrown" violent extremists is a major concern to British policymakers and counterterrorism officials.